how-to

How To Repair A Pothole 2021

By November 15, 2021 No Comments
How To Repair A Pothole In 2021

How to repair a pothole?

When a road is paved initially, it has one to two feet base topped with a layer of asphalt. When the base is level, you can get many years of use out of this pavement.
Potholes occur when there are cracks in the asphalt allowing water to penetrate the base. Once that happens, the water can freeze and then heat up creating steam. Small holes and cracks become more extensive and eventually penetrate the base. This process deteriorates the road more and more.
Potholes tend to form at the common stand or stop areas. Each pothole, when left unrepaired, can continue to deteriorate the road resulting in significant damage. When left unrepaired, a pothole’s damage can end up impacting the entire road costing cities millions every year.

Common Pothole Repair

Repairing potholes is a process that typically involves the use of heavy machinery, a crew of experienced road repair technicians, and more often than not, a truck filled with 6-10 times more asphalt than needed for the repair will go out to an area of damaged road and close it off for repair for several hours. The process for these repairs goes like this: The damaged area of the road (pothole) is cut from its rigid circle into an even square or rectangle and cleaned of any debris and must be moisture-free. Once the area is fully prepped, the crew will begin spraying the pothole with a tack coact of binder into the pothole covering the surface area. Before the binder can dry, the repair crew will quickly fill the pothole with the asphalt in 4-inch layers (for potholes deeper than 6 inches) After the area is filled with asphalt, it must be compacted with a large roller or vibratory plate compactor.
While this process may seem excessive for fixing something as small as a pothole, it has been the standard solution to maintain a road. The problem with this process is that it is very costly and takes a considerable amount of time to plan and complete.

A Better Repair Option

RockAsphalt is the only cold patch asphalt available that comes from the natural formations of oil-infused rocks, making the processing and mining of our asphalt less impactful on the environment. It’s also worker-friendly, meaning the intensity of labor is low. In addition, the more the road is driven over, and packed the RockAsphalt mixture will harden instantly. This is why RockAsphalt is the only cold patch product that is used to build new roads. With RockAsphalt, the repair can be done in less than 5 minutes and at a fraction of the cost, without any planning or weather delays. Repairing a road with RockAsphalt: Sweep the area clear of any debris Fill the area with RockAsphalt leaving some excess in the middle Drive over the newly filled area with any car in an overlapping “V” formation. The newly repaired road is ready for road traffic immediately after being compacted!



How expensive is it to repair a road?

Road repair is often expensive and labor-intensive. The cost of labor is high since the work requires skill and years of experience along with the high cost of polymer based asphalt. Additionally, most manufacturers of road repair products on the market require a minimum purchase of 4 – 5 tons regardless of what is actually needed. Because of this, it is very common to see large amounts of asphalt go to waste, which is an unnecessary wasted cost for most local governments. On average, the repair of a pothole costs cities in the US $800 per repair, and in most cases, will require that same repair to be repeated multiple times throughout the year. This is what is referred to as a “Failed Patch,” an issue caused by factors such as weather, human error, and low-quality repair products. With RockAsphalt, you can accomplish a higher quality of repair for less than 5% of that cost. Therefore, RockAsphalt is the smarter option.

How often are roads repaved?

When it comes to repaving a road, there are many factors that need to be considered. First, the surface type and frequency of traffic will dictate how long the street lasts before being redone: Residential roads can last between 20-30 years with regular maintenance; occasional resurfacing doubles or triples this estimate! This means residential areas are less likely to experience premature wear because most vehicles are light trucks only carrying passengers & small cargo rather than heavy commercial loads. Highways and Interstates experience the most accelerated wear of any surface type – but this is especially true for roads where heavy trucks are prone to constant start and stop traffic. The top layer may only get resurfaced every 8-10 years; however, some will become damaged sooner in areas of high heat and humidity.

How to get cold patch asphalt to harden?

Typical cold patch asphalt requires the use of small compacting tools like vibrator plates, rollers. The issue with most cold patch products is that they require perfect weather conditions to form a perfect bond and can take 24-72 hours to be “road ready.” RockAsphalt is considered a cold patch asphalt, but its key difference is that its composition is naturally occurring asphalt inside the rock which is excreted when compressed, helping it bond immediately after being compacted. The main benefit of this instance bond is that the repair is ready for traffic immediately and does not require road closures.

How is a cold patch different from a hot mix?

Cold mix is for colder temperatures. There are several benefits by using cold patch:

  • Made to be stockpiled
  • It remains pliable over time
  • Installation in the colder months
  • Storing for long periods does not result in product hardening
  • Repairs are done in less than half the time of hot mix

  • Hot mix is explicitly designed for hotter temperatures (vs. cold temperatures) and is applied at 300 degrees℉.

  • Hardens entirely within 24 hours
  • It can only be applied when outdoor temperatures are 60℉ or greater
  • Edges must be cut out
  • Requires oil tack strips
  • Must be ordered in bulk
  • Cools very quickly
  • Delivery is at hot temperatures
  • Requires a lot of machinery/ equipment to use


  • How long does cold patch asphalt last?

    Most cold patch products are graded to last 6months to a year, depending on the severity of the weather in the climate. However, when using RockAsphalt, we guarantee the patch stays in place at least three years after initial application.

    About RockAsphalt

    RockAsphalt is the only naturally occurring asphalt available and has been used to pave new roads since its inception.

    RockAsphalt is used for:

  • Potholes
  • Large cracks
  • Sidewalk repairs
  • ADA (Americans With Disabilities Act) level ups
  • Trench repairs (sewer lines, manhole covers) New road construction
  • Parking lot repairs and construction of new lots